Microsoft SharePoint is a web application platform developed by Microsoft. Launched in 2001, SharePoint is designed as a centralized replacement for multiple web applications and supports various combinations of enterprise website requirements. It is typically associated with web content management and document management systems.
SharePoint’s multi-purpose platform allows for managing and provisioning of -
- intranet portals,
- extranets and websites,
- document management and file management,
- collaboration spaces,
- social networking tools,
- enterprise search,
- business intelligence tooling,
- process/information integration,
- third-party developed solutions.
SharePoint can also be used as a web application development platform.
SharePoint is capable of supporting multiple organizations on a single ‘server farm’. Microsoft provides SharePoint Foundation at no cost but sells premium editions with additional functionality, and also provides SharePoint as a cloud computing solution as part of Microsoft’s Business Productivity Online Standard Suite (BPOS) and Office 365. The product is also sold as a cloud solution by local third-party vendors. SharePoint provides various methods for customization and configuration of web areas, all of which have granular governance configurations. Beyond basic page-editing, file-storing and custom design (‘branding’) abilities, one of the more prevalent forms of configuration is the ability to install third-party customizations called ‘web parts’ (i.e. portlets/widgets/gadgets). Source: en.wikipedia.org