Microsoft SharePoint is a web application platform developed by Microsoft. Launched in 2001, SharePoint is designed as a centralized replacement for multiple web applications and supports various combinations of enterprise website requirements. It is typically associated with web content management and document management systems.

SharePoint’s multi-purpose platform allows for managing and provisioning of -

    • intranet portals,
    • extranets and websites,
    • document management and file management,
    • collaboration spaces,
    • social networking tools,
    • enterprise search,
    • business intelligence tooling,
    • process/information integration,
    • third-party developed solutions.

SharePoint can also be used as a web application development platform.

SharePoint is capable of supporting multiple organizations on a single ‘server farm’. Microsoft provides SharePoint Foundation at no cost but sells premium editions with additional functionality, and also provides SharePoint as a cloud computing solution as part of Microsoft’s Business Productivity Online Standard Suite (BPOS) and Office 365. The product is also sold as a cloud solution by local third-party vendors. SharePoint provides various methods for customization and configuration of web areas, all of which have granular governance configurations. Beyond basic page-editing, file-storing and custom design (‘branding’) abilities, one of the more prevalent forms of configuration is the ability to install third-party customizations called ‘web parts’ (i.e. portlets/widgets/gadgets). Source:

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